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Translation, localization, interpreting services since 1993. Specialising in Baltic, CEE and Nordic languages including Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Czech.

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Finnish Translation

With our team of experienced and strictly selected bilingual Finnish translators, DISKUSIJA can provide fast and professional Finnish language translation services. Our professional Finnish translators specialise in different subject matters and are able to provide technical translation, medical translation, IT translation, marketing translation, financial translation etc.

We provide English to Finnish as well as Finnish to English translation. We can also translate into Finnish from all other languages and vice versa.

Our most commonly provided Finnish translations are:

Into Finnish

  • English to Finnish Translation
  • French to Finnish Translation
  • German to Finnish Translation
  • Lithuanian to Finnish Translation
  • Russian to Finnish Translation
  • Estonian to Finnish Translation

 

From Finnish

  • Finnish to English Translation
  • Finnish to French Translation
  • Finnish to German Translation
  • Finnish to Lithuanian Translation
  • Finnish to Russian Translation
  • Finnish to Estonian Translation
  • Finnish to Latvian Translation

 

Finnish Language Facts

Finnish (in Finnish: suomi or suomen kieli) is a Finno-Ugric language of the Uralic languages family, spoken by approximately 6 million people, mostly in Finland. More specifically it is in the Balto-Finnic subgroup of the Finno-Ugric group along with Estonian with which Finnish is mutually intelligible.

Finnish is an official language of Finland along with Swedish. It is also one of the official languages of the European Union and Nordic Council.

Written Finnish uses a modified Latin alphabet.

Modern language: alphabet, vocabulary, spelling, grammar

During centuries of evolution, Finnish acquired many words from various languages, mostly Indo-European. It has been calculated that there are only 300 word roots that came from the Uralic vocabulary.

Finnish has dialects, which are grouped into two main groups: western and eastern. Dialects of those groups have only minor differences and are mutually intelligible.

Besides dialects, there are two varieties in Finnish today. One is the standard language (yleiskieli in Finnish), the other is the spoken language (puhekieli). The first one is used in formal situations, public speeches, news media, and also in written form, where it is called “book language” (kirjakieli). While the second one, puhekieli is for everyday life, and personal communications; it is used in TV shows.

Though the standard language is mostly used as formal, it can also be met in dialogues between people. It features patterns that have mostly disappeared from the spoken form. Because Finns are literate people and avid readers, the “book language” influences the spoken form.

Each sound in Finnish corresponds to one letter. So it is quite easy to write and read Finnish. Derivative suffixes are extensively used to construct words.

Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, numerals, and verbs are inflected depending on their role in the sentence. Verbs gain personal suffixes for each person and these suffixes are grammatically more important than pronouns, which are often not used at all in standard Finnish.

History of Finnish language

It is considered that Finnish and other Uralic languages originated somewhere in the boreal forests in the Ural Mountains area in the territory of present day Russia.

The Balto-Finnic languages evolved from the Proto-Finnic in around 1500-1000 BC when the Sami language, a minority language in Finland now, separated from Proto-Finnic. Balto-Finnic languages separated around the first century.

Interestingly, Finns are genetically closer to speakers of Indo-European languages than to their closest Finno-Ugric geographical neighbours Sami speakers. It is believed, that the Finnish speaking population at some point in history absorbed migrating speakers of Indo-European languages, who adopted the Finnish language and so the Finnish population started increasing.

From the 13th to the 19th century Finland was part of Sweden and Middle Low German was used for business, Swedish – for administration and Latin – for religious purposes. Finnish had very little chance to assume a written form so it was used only in spoken form until the 15th century.

The first example of written Finnish was a quotation in Finnish, written in a German travel journal in around 1450.

The birth of the written system for Finnish was in the 16th century when Finnish Bishop Mikael Agricola attempted to translate the New Testament into Finnish. He also invented new words – around 50% of them are still in use.

Written Finnish was mostly used for religious purposes only until the 19th century. As Sweden ceded Finland to the Russian Empire in 1809, the influence of the Swedish language decreased. Nationalistic feelings stimulated attempts to establish Finnish as a fully functional language.

A very important milestone was the publication of the national epic Kalevala in 1835. It was a compilation of Finnish folklore gathered by Elias Lonnrot. Kalevala boosted national sentiment and inspired the movement towards independence. It also helped to develop Finnish vocabulary.

The significance of Finnish increased and from 1863 Finnish could be used along with Swedish when dealing with the authorities. Civil servants were obliged to use Finnish and in 1892 it became an official language.


 

We hope you will entrust your next Finnish translation project to us! Ask for Free Quote now!

We guarantee

  • A professional and personal approach to your needs
  • Qualified and experienced project managers
  • Strictly selected linguistic resources
  • Good knowledge of the subject areas we undertake to work on
  • Quality management at all stages of a project
  • Use of state-of-the-art industrial technology
  • Observance of the ISO 17100 standard
  • Competitive rates
  • Flexibility
  • Confidentiality